Fasting

What breaks a fast? Foods, drinks, and supplements

Intermittent fasting is becoming a more popular lifestyle. This article covers which foods, beverages, and supplements are less likely to affect your fasting periods and which are best for when you’re ready to break your fast.

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This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts, and fact-checked by experts.
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Last updated on June 10, 2022, and last reviewed by an expert on May 25, 2022.

Fasting is becoming a popular lifestyle choice.

Fasts don’t last forever, though, and between fasting periods you will add foods back into your routine — thus breaking your fast.

It’s important to do this carefully, and certain foods are better than others.

Additionally, some foods, beverages, and even supplements can unintentionally break your fast, while others don’t have much impact.

This article covers which foods, beverages, and supplements are less likely to affect fasting periods and which are best when you’re ready to break a fast.

What is intermittent fasting?

Intermittent fasting is an eating pattern that alternates periods of eating with periods of either not eating or taking in minimal calories. It emphasizes when you eat rather than what you eat.

Even though it has recently gained mainstream attention, intermittent fasting isn’t new. People have practiced periods of fasting throughout history, such as for spiritual, health, or survival reasons.

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The intent of intermittent fasting isn’t necessarily only to restrict calories, but also to allow your body to focus on maintenance and recovery, rather than digesting.

Many fasting patterns incorporate regular 12- to 16-hour periods of fasting into each day, while others include fasting for 24 or 48 hours once or twice per week.

When you fast, your body undergoes several metabolic changes. After some time, fasting causes your body to enter ketosis, a state in which fat is used for energy when carbohydrates are unavailable.

Furthermore, fasting causes insulin levels to decrease. It also promotes autophagy, the process by which your body rids itself of unneeded, damaged, or harmful cells.

There is evidence that intermittent fasting can be beneficial for weight loss, lowering blood sugar, improving heart health, reducing inflammation, and reducing your risk of chronic diseases.

Summary: Intermittent fasting rotates periods of fasting and periods of eating. It’s often used for health purposes like weight loss and chronic disease prevention, though it’s been used historically for other reasons.

Foods you can eat while fasting

By definition, fasting means refraining from eating food. However, you may be able to consume some foods and beverages while still preserving the benefits of fasting.

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Some experts say as long as you keep your carbohydrate intake below 50 grams per day during a fast, you can maintain ketosis.

Below are some foods and beverages you can consume while fasting:

Remember that foods and drinks containing any calories — like bone broth and the healthy fats listed above — will technically break your fast.

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However, small amounts of these low-carb, high-fat, moderate-protein foods won’t throw your body out of ketosis.

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Summary: Some people choose to consume small amounts of certain foods and beverages while fasting, such as bone broth or healthy fats. Others consume calorie-free beverages.

How supplements affect fasting

Becoming deficient in nutrients while fasting is unlikely, but it depends on how restrictive your fast is and how long it lasts.

Some people choose to take supplements while fasting to ensure adequate vitamin and mineral intake. Fasting too frequently could lead to nutrient deficiencies if your diet is already low in vitamins and minerals.

If you supplement while fasting, it’s important to know which supplements could break your fast. This will help you decide if you should take them with a meal or during your fasting period.

Supplements that are more likely to break a fast

Supplements that are less likely to break a fast

Summary: Supplements may be used during fasting periods, although some may be better absorbed with food. Supplements that contain calories or sugar are more likely to break your fast.

What to eat to break your fast

To break your fast, start by eating gentle foods and be sure not to overeat.

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Gentle foods to break a fast

When you’re ready to break your fast, it’s best to ease out of it. Toward the end of your fast, you might want to introduce small portions of foods that are more easily digested, so you don’t overwhelm your digestive system.

Breaking your fast with foods that are especially high in fat, sugar, or even fiber can be difficult for your body to digest, leading to bloating and discomfort.

Foods and drinks that can be even more shocking to your system after a fast include those like a greasy cheeseburger, slice of cake, or soda. Even high-fiber raw produce, nuts, and seeds may be difficult to digest.

On the other hand, nutrient-dense foods that are easy to digest and contain a bit of protein and some healthy fats can break your fast more gently.

Below are a few examples of what to eat to break your fast:

Breaking your fast with healthy foods that may be better tolerated can help replenish important nutrients and electrolytes while easing food back into your diet.

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Once you’re tolerating gentler foods, add in other healthy foods — like whole grains, beans, vegetables, nuts, seeds, meat, poultry, and fish — and return to eating normally.

Be mindful not to overeat

It can be easy to overeat between fasting periods.

Although fasting doesn’t emphasize what you eat as much as when you eat, it’s not designed to be an excuse to eat unhealthy foods.

Overeating and eating junk food between fasting periods can cancel out the health benefits of fasting. Instead, choose minimally processed, whole foods as much as possible for the most overall health benefits.

Summary: When you’re ready to break your fast, start with foods and drinks that will be gentle on your digestive system. Avoid foods that are especially high in sugar, fat, and fiber. Additionally, take care not to overeat.

Summary

When fasting, it’s important to be aware of which foods and supplements may break your fast. You can then decide whether to consume them during or between fasting periods.

During a fast, choose calorie-free beverages and supplements, if any.

Some people choose to eat small amounts of certain foods to curb cravings, which may break your fast but still keep you in ketosis.

When you’re ready to break a fast, focus on easily tolerated foods that don’t contain high amounts of sugar, fat, fiber, or complex carbs that could be difficult to digest.

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You can then ease back into a normal, healthy eating pattern.

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